Syndication Icon
Published November 2, 2019 Updated May 11, 2020

Versionaire

  • Duration

    02:26

  • Operating System

    macOS

  • Shell

    bash

  • Terminal

    xterm

Transcript

# Hello and welcome to the Alchemists Screencasts!
# Today, we'll look at the Versionaire gem:
# https://www.alchemists.io/projects/versionaire

# We'll explore via Versionaire's gem console:

bin/console

# We'll start by creating a few objects:

v1 = Versionaire::Version.new
v2 = Versionaire::Version.new
v3 = Versionaire::Version[major: 3, minor: 2, patch: 1]
v4 = Versionaire::Version[major: 4]

# We can test for value equality:

v1 == v1
v1 == v2
v1 == v3
v1 == v4

# The v1 and v2 instances, despite being different objects in memory, are equal since they represent a state of "0.0.0".
# v1 is not equal to v3 and v4 since they represent different values (i.e. state) for major, minor, and patch.
# The same is true for hash equality:

v1.eql? v1
v1.eql? v2
v1.eql? v3
v1.eql? v4

# We can verify hash equality by looking at the hash values generated for each object (used by `#eql?`):

v1.hash
v2.hash
v3.hash
v4.hash

# As shown earlier via the `#eql?`, we see v1 and v2 are equal but v3 and v4 are not.
# Case equality behaves the same as value and hash equality (again equality is based on the object state):

v1 === v1
v1 === v2
v1 === v3
v1 === v4

# Identity equality is equal only to the same instance in memory:

v1.equal? v1
v1.equal? v2
v1.equal? v3
v1.equal? v4

# We can verify identity equality by looking at the object ID of each instance (used by #equal?):

v1.object_id
v2.object_id
v3.object_id
v4.object_id

# As you can see, each object has a unique ID.
# For convenience, a Version function is provided for easily converting (casting) objects into versions:

version = Versionaire::Version[major: 1, minor: 2, patch: 3]
v1 = Versionaire::Version "1.2.3"
v2 = Versionaire::Version [1, 2, 3]
v3 = Versionaire::Version major: 1, minor: 2, patch: 3
v4 = Versionaire::Version version
v1 == v2 && v1 == v3 && v1 == v4

# This behavior is similar to Ruby's own conversion functions such as `Integer()`, `String()`, `Array()`, etc.
# Alternatively, a version can be converted to String, Array, and Hash objects:

version = Versionaire::Version[major: 1, minor: 2, patch: 3]
version.to_s
version.to_a
version.to_h

# Versions can be added to one another:

v1 = Versionaire::Version[major: 1, minor: 2, patch: 3]
v2 = Versionaire::Version[major: 3, minor: 2, patch: 1]

(v1 + v2).to_s

# Subtraction works too:

v1 = Versionaire::Version[major: 5]
v2 = Versionaire::Version[major: 1]

(v1 - v2).to_s

# Note, when subtracting, an exception will be thrown if the resulting version would be a negative:

v2 - v1
exit

# That is Versionaire in a nutshell.

# Enjoy!
# https://www.alchemists.io
# ☿ 🜔 🜍 🜂 🜃 🜁 🜄